The Dangers To Humans From Rats

A short run down of some of the most dangerous diseases thats rats and rodents carry and can pass to humans.

PLAGUE

Rodent(s) involved

Wild rodents, including rock squirrels, prarie dogs, wood rats, fox squirrels and other species of ground squirrels and chipmunks

Agent

Bacteria

Where the disease occurs

Western US, South America, Africa, Asia

How the disease spreads

  • Bite of an infected flea
  • Direct contact with infected animal

Additional Information

Plague


Rodent(s) involved

Deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus), Cotton rat (Sigmodon Hispidus), Rice rat (Oryzomys palustris), White-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus)

Agent  Virus

Where the disease occurs  Throughout most of North and South America

How the disease spreads

  • Breathing in dust that is contaminated with rodent urine or droppings
  • Direct contact with rodents or their urine and droppings
  • Bite wounds, although this does not happen frequently

Additional Information

Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS)


Rodent(s) involved

Striped field mouse (Apodemus agrarius), brown or Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus), bank vole (Clethrionomys glareolus), yellow-necked field mouse (Apodemus flavicollis)

Agent

Virus

Where the disease occurs

Primarily in eastern Asia, Russia, Korea, Scandinavia, western Europe, and the Balkans

How the disease spreads

  • Breathing in dust that is contaminated with rodent urine or droppings
  • Direct contact with rodents or their uring and droppings
  • Bite wounds, although this does not happen frequently
  • The disease may spread through direct contact from person to person, but it is extremely rare

Additional Information

Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome


LASSA FEVER

Rodent(s) involved

Multi-mammate rat (Mastomys natalensis species complex)

Agent

Virus

Where the disease occurs

West Africa

How the disease spreads

  • Breathing in dust that is contaminated with rodent urine or droppings
  • Direct contact with rodents or their urine and droppings
  • Eating food that is contaminated with rodent urine or droppings
  • Bite wounds, although this does not happen frequently
  • The disease may spread through direct contact from person to person

Additional Information

Lassa Fever


LEPTOSPEROSIS

Rodent(s) involved

Rodents and other animals

Agent

Bacteria

Where the disease occurs

Worldwide

How the disease spreads

  • Eating food or drinking water contaminated with urine from infected animals
  • Contact through the skin or mucous membranes (such as inside the nose) with water or soil that is contaminated with the urine from infected animals

Additional Information

Leptospirosis


Rodent(s) involved

House mouse (Mus musculus)

Agent

Virus

Where the disease occurs

Worldwide

How the disease spreads

  • Breathing in dust that is contaminated with rodent urine or droppings
  • Direct contact with rodents or their urine and droppings
  • Bite wounds, although this does not happen frequently

Additional Information

Lymphocytic Chorio-meningitis


Rodent(s) involved

Muskrats and possibly narrow-skulled voles

Agent

Virus

Where the disease occurs

Western Siberia

How the disease spreads

  • Direct contact with infected animal
  • Bite from an infected tick

Additional Information

Omsk Hemorrhagic Fever


RAT BITE FEVER

Rodent(s) involved

Rats and possibly mice

Agent

Bacteria

Where the disease occurs

Worldwide; Streptobacillus moniliformis in North America and Europe; Spirillum minue in Asia and Africa

How the disease spreads

  • Bite or scratch wound from an infected rodent, or contact with a dead rodent
  • Eating or drinking food or water that is contaminated by rat feces.

Additional Information

Rat-Bite Fever


TULAREMIA

Rodent(s) involved

Wild rodents, including muskrats, ground squirrels and beavers

Agent

Bacteria

Where the disease occurs

Worldwide

How the disease spreads

  • Handling infected animal carcasses
  • Being bitten by an infected tick, deerfly or other insect
  • Eating or drinking contaminated food or water
  • Breathing in the bacteria, F. tularensis

Additional Information

Tularemia

Dont be their next vicitim, keep your premisies rat free, call the experts, Intellipest Control Inc (02) 503 5267

enquiries@intellipest.net.

Website: intellipest.net


With Thanks to and for the full articals, please visit:

https://www.cdc.gov/rodents/diseases/direct.html

 

 

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